The supreme soul bestows his endless bounty on all the creatures alike without any discrimination. Still human beings enjoy a privileged position because the God has endowed human being the God has endowed human being with intelligence. With intelligence, a human being can think about his interests and is inclined to act accordingly. Supreme soul, the father of all the creatures, wishes well irrespective of the quality of the creature. Hence, time and again, he takes incarnations as animals, birds, aquatic animals and human being in order to do away with the crises that face humanity. At the same time, incarnation of God teaches valuable lessons through his qualities often, the sage and ascetics act as a means to carry out work for the benefit of all.
MAHARSHI VATSAYAN:EXPONENT OF KAMASUTRA
Well before the exposition of Kamasutra, certain sage Babhravpanchal had a compiled a treatise Kama Shastra. It is not available now. But it is very huge collection. And because of its hugeness later scholars divided it into different volumes. Maharshi Vatsayan had actually produced an abridged version of Kama Shastra. There are disputes regarding the time period of Vatsayan. But the experts fix the time of Vatsyayan when Patana was famous as Pataliputra.
Evidently the commentator Vatsyayan of NyayaDarshan and exponent Vatsyayan of Kamasutra, both are one and single person. Some servants even assert that Vastsayan was the third name of Vishnugupt - other two being Chanakya and Kautilya. Yashodhar, the commentator of Kamasutra has identified Vatsayan as Mallanaga. Hence, his original name appeared to be Malanaga, with a tile of Vatsyayan.
OBJECTS OF HUMAN CREATION
Like every creature, humans have also received certain rights, and certain duties for a successful existence in the world. Objects of comforts have also been provided. For human being there are four objects for his existence. These are Dharma (religion), Arth (luxuries), Kama (carnal pleasures) and Moksha (salvation). Most of the people neither crave nor strive for all the four. First three – religion, luxuries and carnal pleasures are more important for them. Maharishi Vatsayana regards these three objects as the basic reason of existence. Everybody strives to achieve either of these objects with all his might. Shastras or disciplines help a person to achieve the object he deserves.
NECESSITY OF KAMA SHASTRA
Despite having enthusiasm determination, faith and capacity, often a human being fails to achieve his object for the want of a competent guide. Kama or carnal pleasure is one of the main objects of existence of a human being. But without a well-laid discourse and discipline, no one can achieve pleasure. Like other disciplines, Kama Shastra also contains certain norms and disciplined actions necessary to achieve one's goal.
NECESSITY OF READING KAMASHASTRA
Like religion and earnings, Kama or Carnal pleasures are the third goal of human life. Without having a proper knowledge of Kama, one cannot experience all the other physical comforts. A married person is naturally inclined towards carnal pleasures. In other words, carnal pleasures constitute basic reason for marriage.
A man and a woman agree to tie a nuptial knot only to have carnal pleasures. Marriage simply reflects the social nod for their union. But if the people entering the marriage lack the basic knowledge about it, they will not be able to achieve the basic goal of marriage. It is here where Kama Shastra comes in the picture. Evidences show that Kama or Carnal union of male and female forces had never been taken for granted even in ancient time. Vedas, Puranas and other literature describe profusely about the authenticity, necessity and relevance of Kama Shastra.
Ancient sages composed Kama Shastra on the basis of Vedas. Maharshi Nandikeshwar was the first originator of Kama Shastra in to various chapters. Apart from these, great sages like Dattakacharya, Charayana, Suvarn-nama Ghotakmukh, Gonardiya, Gonikaputra and Kuchumar had also contributed their mite in the evolution and refinement of Kama Shastra. Sage Vatsayan gave the finishing touch to Kama Shastra.
NECESSITY OF KAMASUTRA IN EDUCATION
Gurukula system of education was prevalent in ancient India. Abidance to celibacy was a must for the inmates of Gurukul. Kamasutra was taught to the celibate disciples during their stay in Gurukul. The disciples could enter married life only when he had thorough knowledge of Kamasutra. Of course, study of Kamasutra used to be taken up after the education of Vedas, Vedangas and other scriptures had been finished. Thus, by the time, disciples left Gurukul, they were experts in Vedas and clever in social conduct. Their married life as result would be free from problems and conflicts.