SANAKA, SANANDANA, SANATANA AND SANATKUMAARA:
THE FOUR MANASPUTRAS CREATED BY LORD BRAHMA
A man meets a virtuous person when his 'good fortune' arrives and his soul attains enlightenment and his mind becomes pure by the destruction of his ignorance and attachment.
When Brahma decided to commence the sequence of creation, he first of all created four Kumaras by just having a wish in his mind. They were Sanaka, Sanandana, Sanatana and Sanatkumara.
SOME PREACHINGS OF THESE KUMARAS
Brahma had experienced the sight of Lord Vishnu sleeping on the back of Sheshnaag after performing penance for thousands of years. Lord Vishnu pleased with his penance gave to him the basic knowledge of 'Bhagwata'. Only after getting that knowledge, he commenced his creation.
When the four Kumaras came into existence, they were all embodiments of pure qualities. They did not have any sign of negative qualities like laziness, sleep etc. Brahma had created these four Kumarasas so that they could help in the process of creation. But they refused when they were ordered by Brahma to do so.
Actually these four Kumaras were the incarnations of none other than Lord Vishnu. All of them were pious and virtuous right from their childhood and engaged themselves in activities like chanting the name of the Lord, listening about the divine activities etc. Not for a single moment in their minds, came the desires for worldly matters.
They used to chant 'Harisharanam' all the time. They never uttered anything else. The constant chanting of this mantra had its effect too. They never faced any danger to their lives and always remained like a child of five years. Neither did they have the desires nor they suffered from defects.
Prithu and sage Narad were fortunate to receive the self-knowledge from these Kumaras. Once, when the doorkeepers of Lord Vishnu (Jay and Vijay) insulted these Kumaras, as a result of the curses from the Kumaras they had to take incarnations of the demons for three births and were forced to live away from the heaven.
SAGE SANAKA: There is no other pilgrimage like the river the Ganges, no other teacher like one's own mother, no deity like Lord Vishnu and the Teacher is the greatest of all.
There is no other brother like peace, no other penance like truth, no other gain better than salvation of the soul and there is no river like the Ganges.
Charity, enjoyment and destruction are the only three movements of wealth. The wealth which is neither used in doing charities nor is cherished gets destroyed.
Plants too have lives and nourish and protect the humanity with its fruits, roots and branches. If a man does not possess the quality of benevolence, then he is like a dead person.
SAGE SANANDANA: Bhagwan (God) means, one who is full of all the splendours, all the virtuousness and religiousness, all the fame, all the knowledge, all the wealth and fortune and also possesses all the apathy and who also knows the cause of the creation and destruction. One who has the knowledge of all these 6 things is entitled to be called as Bhagwan (God).
SAGE SANATANA: One must follow the rules as it has been described in the sacred texts on Dashami (Tenth Day), Ekadashi(Eleventh Day) and Dwadashi (Twelfth day). One should avoid the followings ten things on Dashami day- pots and vessels made of bronze, eating meat, eating grams, honey, spinach, pumpkin, lentils and food given by others, having food for the second time in a day and making sexual contacts with wife.
On Ekadashi, the following should be avoided- gambling, sleeping, chewing beetle leaves, brushing of teeth, violence, copulating and untruthfulness.
On Dwadashi, the following should be avoided- items made of bronze, meat, wine, honey, oil, untruthfulness, doing exercise, going abroad, having food twice during the day, copulating and touching those things which are not worth touching and eating lentils.
SAGE SANATKUMARA: One who has the self-knowledge neither sees the death of the body, diseases nor the sorrows because he understands that the real self is the soul (Atma).
When the diet is pure then the inner self becomes pure and when the inner self becomes pure then he acquires remembrance of his past births (Smriti) and he attains the real knowledge about the permanence of the soul and the ephimeral nature of the physical body.
Fools and ignorant people are fearful of thousands of things but the learned man who has attained self-knowledge is not affected by the fear.